The Xcacls.vbs tool modifies and displays NTFS file system permissions on folders and files.
Xcacls.vbs can now set all the file system security options that are available in Windows Explorer.
NOTE: Xcacls.vbs works with Windows 2000, Windows XP, and Windows Server 2003.
Double-click the XcaclsInstaller.exe and extract Xcacls.vbs to a folder in your path.
The Xcacls.vbs script should be run with Cscript.exe. To change the default script engine, type cscript.exe /h:cscript at a CMD.EXE prompt and press Enter.
When I typed xcacls.vbs /?, I received:
Microsoft (R) Windows Script Host Version 5.6 Copyright (C) Microsoft Corporation 1996-2001. All rights reserved. Starting XCACLS.VBS (Version: 5.2) Script at 07/05/2004 12:18:55 Startup directory: "C:\" Arguments Used: Filename is required and was not passed as an argument. ------------------------------------------------------------------ ---------------------------- Usage ------------------------------- ------------------------------------------------------------------ Displays or modifies access control lists (ACLs) of files & directories XCACLS filename \[/E\] \[/G user:perm;spec\] \[...\] \[/R user \[...\]\] \[/F\] \[/S\] \[/T\] \[/P user:perm;spec \[...\]\] \[/D user:perm;spec\] \[...\] \[/O user\] \[/I ENABLE/COPY/REMOVE\] \[/N \[/L filename\] \[/Q\] \[/DEBUG\] filename \[Required\] If used alone, it Displays ACLs. (Filename can be a filename, directory name or wildcard characters and can include the entire path. If path is missing, its assumed to be under the current directory. Notes: - Put filename in quotes if it has spaces or special characters such as &, $, #, etc. - If Filename is a directory, all files and sub directories under it will NOT be changed unless the /F or /S is present. /F \[Used with Directory or Wildcard\] This will change all files under the inputed directory but will NOT traverse sub directories unless /T is also present. If filename is a directory, and /F is not used, no files will be touched. /S \[Used with Directory or Wildcard\] This will change all sub folders under the inputed directory but will NOT traverse sub directories unless /T is also present. If filename is a directory, and /S is not used, no sub directories will be touched. /T \[Used only with a Directory\] Traverses each subdirectory and makes the same changes. This switch will traverse directories only if the filename is a directory or is using wildcards. /E Edit ACL instead of replacing it. /G user:GUI Grant security permissions similar to Windows GUI standard (non-advanced) choices. /G user:Perm;Spec Grant specified user access rights. (/G adds to existing rights for user) User: If User has spaces in it, surround it in Quotes If User contains #machine#, it will replace #machine# with the actual machine name if its a non-domain controller, and replace it with the actual domain name if it is a domain controller. New to 3.0: User can be a string representing the actual SID, but MUST be lead by SID# Example: SID#S-1-5-21-2127521184-160... (SID string shown has been shortened) (If any user has SID# then globaly all matches must match the SID (not name) so if your intention is to apply changes to all accounts that match Domain\User then do not specify SID# as one of the users) GUI: Is for standard rights and can be: Permissions... F Full control M Modify X read & eXecute L List folder contents R Read W Write Note: If a ; is present, this will be considered a Perm;Spec parameter pair Perm: Is for "Files Only" and can be: Permissions... F Full control M Modify X read & eXecute R Read W Write Advanced... E Synchronize D Take Ownership C Change Permissions B Read Permissions A Delete 9 Write Attributes 8 Read Attributes 7 Delete Subfolders and Files 6 Traverse Folder / Execute File 5 Write Extended Attributes 4 Read Extended Attributes 3 Create Folders / Append Data 2 Create Files / Write Data 1 List Folder / Read Data Spec is for "Folder and Subfolders only" and has the same choices as Perm. /R user Revoke specified user's access rights. (Will remove any Allowed or Denied ACL's for user) /P user:GUI Replace security permissions similiar to standard choices /P user:perm;spec Replace specified user's access rights. For access right specification see /G option (/P acts like /G if there are no rights set for user) /D user:GUI Deny security permissions similiar to standard choices. /D user:perm;spec Deny specified user access rights. For access right specification see /G option (/D adds to existing rights for user) /O user Change the Ownership to this user or group. /I switch Inheritance flag, if omitted default is to not touch Inherited ACL's. Switch can be: ENABLE - This will turn on the Inheritance Flag if its not on already. COPY - This will turn off the Inheritance flag and copy the Inherited ACL's into Effecive ACL's REMOVE - This will turn off the Inheritance flag and will not copy the Inherited ACL's, this is the opposite of ENABLE If switch is not present, /I will be ignored and Inherited ACL's will remain untouched. /SPEC switch Special Permission for Folder and Subfolders only If this switch is used, and the object is a folder, then one of the switches below would be used instead of the default. A - This Folder Only B - This Folder, Subfolders and Files (Default) C - This Folder and Subfolders D - This Folder and Files E - Subfolders and Files Only F - Subfolders Only G - Files Only /L filename Filename for Logging. This can include a path name if the file isn't under the current directory. File will be appended to, or created if it doesn't exit. Must be Text file if it exists or error will occur. If filename is obmitted the default name of XCACLS will be used. /Q Turn on Quiet mode, its off by default. If its turned on, there will be no display to the screen. /DEBUG Turn on Debug mode, its off by default. If its turned on, there will be more information displayed and/or logged. Information will show Sub/Function Enterand Exit as well as other important information. /TIMEWMI Turn on to Time WMI use, only shows up in Debug Mode. /SERVER servername Enter a remote server to run script against. /USER username Enter Username to impersonate for Remote Connections (Requires PASS switch) - Will be ignored if its for a Local Connection. /PASS password Enter Password to go with USER switch (Requires USER switch) Wildcards can be used to specify more than one file in a command. Such as: * Any string of zero or more characters ? Any single character You can specify more than one user in a command. You can combine access rights. Operation Complete Elapsed Time: 0.234375 seconds. Ending Script at 07/05/2004 12:18:56When I typed xcacls.vbs c:\temp to view permissions, I received:
Microsoft (R) Windows Script Host Version 5.6 Copyright (C) Microsoft Corporation 1996-2001. All rights reserved. Starting XCACLS.VBS (Version: 5.2) Script at 07/05/2004 12:27:18 Startup directory: "C:\" Arguments Used: Filename = "c:\temp" ************************************************************************** Directory: C:\TEMP Permissions: Type Username Permissions Inheritance Allowed BUILTIN\Administrators Full Control This Folder, Subfolde Allowed NT AUTHORITY\SYSTEM Full Control This Folder, Subfolde Allowed BUILTIN\Administrators Full Control This Folder Only Allowed \CREATOR OWNER Special (Unknown) Subfolders and Files Allowed BUILTIN\Users Read and Execute This Folder, Subfolde Allowed BUILTIN\Users Advanced (Create Fold This Folder and Subfo Allowed BUILTIN\Users Advanced (Create File This Folder and Subfo No Auditing set Owner: BUILTIN\Administrators ************************************************************************** Operation Complete Elapsed Time: 0.625 seconds. Ending Script at 07/05/2004 12:27:19NOTE: When I view the same permissions in Windows Explorer, the output is the same, including the incomplete words.
NOTE: Xcacls.vbs supports wildcards.
Sample Usage:xcacls.vbs c:\test\ /g domain\testuser1:f /f /t /e
Edits existing permissions, granting Domain\TestUser1 full control on all files in C:\test and it's sub-folders. It doesn't alter sub-folder permissions.
xcacls.vbs c:\test\ /g domain\testuser1:f /s /l "c:\xcacls.log"
Replace permissions, granting Domain\TestUser1 full control on all subfolders in C:\Test. The command logs to C:\Xcacls.log. It doesn't traverse sub-folders, and doesn't alter file permissions.
xcacls.vbs c:\test\readme.txt /o "machinea\group1"
Changes ownership of c:\test\readme.txt to "machinea\group1.
xcacls.vbs c:\test\badcode.exe /r "machinea\group1" /r "domain\testuser1"
Revokes "machinea\group1" and "domain\testuser1" permissions to c:\test\badcode.exe.
xcacls.vbs c:\test\subdir1 /i enable /q
Turns on inheritance on C:\Test\Subdir1, and produces no output.
xcacls.vbs \\servera\sharez\testpage.htm /p "domain\group2":14
Uses WMI to add 1 (Read Data) and 4 (Read Extended Attributes) permissions for Domain\Group2 to the existing set of Domain\Group2 permissions to testpage.htm on remote computer servera, dropping other user and group permissions (no /e).