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Windows XP and 2000 Tips & Tricks UPDATE, March 17, 2003

Windows XP and 2000 Tips & Tricks UPDATE—brought to you by the Windows & .NET Magazine Network and the Windows 2000 FAQ site


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March 17, 2003—In this issue:



  • Q. How can I stop Microsoft Outlook 2002 from caching the Internet Mail Service (IMS) passwords?
  • Q. What's the Windows Preinstallation Environment (WinPE)?
  • Q. Why do I receive event ID 529 in my Security event log?
  • Q. How can I save and load a new Microsoft Plus! desktop theme in Windows XP?
  • Q. How can I tell whether my Microsoft software is legitimate?
  • Q. What's Longhorn?


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  • See this section for a list of ways to contact us.

(contributed by John Savill, FAQ Editor, [email protected]com)

This week, I tell you how to disable password caching in Microsoft Outlook 2002, explain the Windows Preinstallation Environment (WinPE), and describe why you might receive event ID 529 in the Security event log. I also tell you how to save and load desktop themes in Windows XP, describe how to determine whether your Microsoft software is legitimate, and explain Longhorn, the next desktop client OS.


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Q. How can I stop Microsoft Outlook 2002 from caching the Internet Mail Service (IMS) passwords?

A. Outlook typically caches all passwords for the IMS, including for the POP and IMAP services. However, if you want to disable password caching for security reasons, Outlook will prompt you for the password every time it accesses one of these services. To disable password caching, perform the following steps:

  1. Start a registry editor (e.g., regedit.exe).
  2. Navigate to the HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Policies\Microsoft\Office\10.0\Outlook\Security registry subkey, or create this subkey if it doesn't exist.
  3. From the Edit menu, select New, DWORD Value.
  4. Enter the name EnableRememberPwd, then press Enter.
  5. Double-click the new value, set it to 0, then click OK.
  6. Close the registry editor.

Q. What's the Windows Preinstallation Environment (WinPE)?

A. WinPE is a minimal OS, based on the Windows XP kernel, that will replace MS-DOS during the initial OS installation stages beginning with the next Windows desktop OS, which is known as Longhorn. Recent alpha builds of Longhorn use WinPE, which provides a GUI environment during the entire installation instead of the old text-based screen prompts that are common during the initial setup of earlier Windows installations. WinPE will also let the user enter the license key during the initial stage of the installation, rather than forcing the user to wait until later in the installation process.

Because WinPE is based on XP, this new minimal OS can

  • create and format disk partitions for FAT, FAT32, and NTFS
  • access file shares on an intranet and connect to as many as four file shares
  • support all mass-storage drivers for XP and Windows 2000

Q. Why do I receive event ID 529 in my Security event log?

A. Windows will generate event ID 529 if the machine environment meets the following criteria:

  • The machine is running Windows XP.
  • The machine is a member of a domain.
  • The machine is using a machine local account.
  • You've enabled logon failure auditing.

When the user logs off, Windows will write event ID 529 to the log file because the OS incorrectly tries to contact the domain controller (DC), despite the fact that the machine is using a local account. Microsoft currently doesn't provide a fix for this problem, but you can safely ignore this event ID.

Q. How can I save and load a new Microsoft Plus! desktop theme in Windows XP?

A. XP's desktop themes feature lets you customize icons, desktop wallpaper, colors, mouse pointers, visual style, and sounds. If you've created your own theme, you can save it to a .theme file by performing the following steps:

  1. Start the Control Panel Desktop applet (go to Start, Control Panel, then click Display).
  2. Select the Themes tab, then click Save As.
  3. Enter a name for your theme (by default, XP will save the theme in the My Documents folder but you can specify another location), then click Save.

XP will create a file with a .theme extension that you can back up or send to another machine.

To load a theme, perform the following steps:

  1. Start the Control Panel Desktop applet (go to Start, Control Panel, then click Display).
  2. Select the Themes tab.
  3. From the the Theme drop-down menu, click Browse.
  4. Navigate to the location of your theme, select the .theme file, then click Open.

Be aware that a .theme file contains only the name of your background picture, not the picture itself. Therefore, if you have a custom graphic and you haven't backed it up or copied it to another computer to the same location as your .theme file, XP will ignore the background picture setting when you try to load the theme. You can use a text editor to modify a .theme file.

Q. How can I tell whether my Microsoft software is legitimate?

A. Visit the Microsoft How To Tell Web site for instructions on how to verify the legitimacy of your software. However, if you bought your software down the street for $10 or if it has a photocopied cover, you can bet that it's probably not an original copy.

Q. What's Longhorn?

A. Longhorn is the code name for the successor client desktop OS to Windows XP. The new OS will offer several improvements and additions, including:

  • a new task-based interface, code-named Avalon
  • a new file system called Windows Future Storage (WinFS) that's based on Yukon, the next iteration of Microsoft SQL Server technology
  • an updated GUI that makes full use of 3-D rendering; early alpha builds contain a Plex visual style that Microsoft will replace in later builds
  • a new sidebar element that can contain configurable elements such as a graphical clock or a photo slideshow
  • a new breadcrumb bar in Windows Explorer that replaces the address bar and offers shortcuts to various folders based on your current selected folder
  • improved security, including the next-generation secure computing base for Windows initiative (formerly known as Palladium--for information, see the Microsoft Web site)
  • a new installation process that uses the Windows Preinstallation Environment (WinPE); for more information on WinPE, see the FAQ titled "What's the Windows Preinstallation Environment (WinPE)?"
  • a new search tool with improved abilities and a simplified interface
  • integrated DVD recording abilities, including support for DVD+R/RW and DVD-R/RW
  • new API calls for tighter antivirus support

(brought to you by Windows & .NET Magazine and its partners)


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