Windows Tips & Tricks UPDATE--Saving Files in PDF Format--March 26, 2007

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Q. How do I enable Microsoft Office 2007 applications to be able to save files in PDF format?
Q. How do I create an administrative installation of Microsoft Office 2007?
Q. Is Microsoft Exchange Server 2007 available for 32-bit servers?
Q. How do I enable hibernation on my Windows Vista machine?
Q. How can I determine which sleep states are available on my Windows Vista machine?

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==== FAQs ====
by John Savill, FAQ Editor, [email protected]

Q. How do I enable Microsoft Office 2007 applications to be able to save files in PDF format?

A. Microsoft has created an add-on for Office 2007 that enables output to PDF and the XPS format (a Microsoft alternative to PDF). Once installed the PDF and XPS formats will be available. You can download the add-on at .


Q. How do I create an administrative installation of Microsoft Office 2007?

A. As with earlier versions of Office, an administrative mode is available with Office 2007. To perform an administrative installation use the "setup /admin" switch, which opens the Office Customization tool that the figure at shows. If you receive an error that components are missing, check that you have the admin folder at the root of your media. Some versions don't have this folder so administrative setup isn't possible.

Once you've made your desired customization changes, save the setup file to a Windows Installer Patch (.msp) file. You then pass it to setup.exe by using this command:

setup.exe /adminfile off2007admin.msp.

Because of the reliance on setup.exe, you can't deploy Office 2007 via Group Policy unless you wrap it in a .zap file; however deployment via Microsoft Systems Management Server (SMS) is supported and documented at .


Q. Is Microsoft Exchange Server 2007 available for 32-bit servers?

A. The production version of Exchange 2007 will run only on x64 type 64-bit processors (Intel Extended Memory 64-bit Technology--EM64T--or AMD64. Support for the Itanium (IA-64) processor isn't included. Clients don't have to be 64-bit to communicate with Exchange 2007. Microsoft does have available 32-bit versions of Exchange 2007 for testing only. You can download a pre-created virtual hard drive (VHD) version that expires after 30 days at or get the evaluation version at , which expires after 120 days and contains both a 64-bit and 32-bit version.


Q. How do I enable hibernation on my Windows Vista machine?

A. If the hiberfil.sys file on the system partition is removed, the option to hibernate is not available. A common reason for the hiberfil.sys to be deleted is from running the Disk Cleanup Tool, as explained in the Microsoft article "The hybrid sleep feature and the hibernation feature in Windows Vista may become unavailable after you use the Disk Cleanup Tool" ( ).

To create the hibernate file and reenable hibernation, use the following command:

C:\>powercfg -h on

This command will re-enable hibernation. Likewise, you can use -h off switch to delete the hibernation file and disable hibernation


Q. How can I determine which sleep states are available on my Windows Vista machine?

A. You can use the powercfg tool with the /a switch to display the sleep states supported on a machine, as the following example and output show:

C:\>powercfg /a

The following sleep states are available on this system: Standby ( S1 S3 ) Hibernate Hybrid Sleep The following sleep states are not available on this system: Standby (S2) The system firmware does not support this standby state.

The power states of a machine are:
- S0: Working. This is the normal state of the computer when switched on.
- S1: Suspend / Sleeping 1: The CPU suspends activity but retains all its contexts in a very low-power state.
- S2: Suspend / Sleeping 2: The CPU is powered down and loses its contexts, but the memory retains all of its data.
- S3: Suspend / Sleeping 3: Same as S2 but devices will need to be reinitialized at the next wake-up.
- S4: Hibernation / suspend-to-disk: All contexts are written to disk in a hibernation file and the system is powered off (same as S5).
- S5: Soft-off: Everything has been shut down.

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