A. The Windows 2000 recovery console enables an Administrator to gain access to a 2000 system from a command session to replace damaged files and to disable or enable services. When installed it adds an option to the Windows 2000 start menu.
To install perform the following:
- Boot into Windows 2000
- Insert the installation CD
- From a command prompt move to the I386 directory and type:
C:\> winnt32 /cmdcons
- A dialog will be displayed asking for confirmation. Click Yes.
- File will be copied to the computer and an extra item added to the boot
C:\CMDCONS\BOOTSECT.DAT="Microsoft Windows 2000 Command Console" /cmdcons
- A completion message will be displayed. Click OK
Rebooting the computer will enable the option "Microsoft Windows 2000 Command Console" to be selected and start Windows 2000 in command mode.
You will be asked which 2000 installation to repair and the Administrator password:
The Recovery Consoel provides system repair and recovery functionality.
Type EXIT to quit the Recovery Console and restart the computer.
Which Windows 2000 installation would
you like to log onto
Once you have entered the password you will be able to enter a number of commands such as DISABLE to disable a service, DISKPART to create and remove partitions and many others. Just type HELP for a list of all commands.
Its also possible to activate the console directory from the installation CD by booting off of the CD (if you motherboard supports CD booting), select Repair and press C to repair using the console.
If you have renamed the Administrator account the console will still work however deleting the Administrator account will render the console inoperative.
The Recovery Console does have some security built-in and you can only access the root of the system driver and the %systemroot% directory and its sub-directories.
Some of the most useful commands are:
|DISKPART||Equivalent of FDISK|
|FIXBOOT||Create a new boot sector on the system partition|
|FIXMBR||FDISK /MBR equivalent (problems with RAID etc)|
|LOGON||List installation of Windows 2000 installation and can choose which to work on|
|SYSTEMROOT||Move to the system root|
|MAP||Display a list of drives and their ARC paths. Useful to fix boot.ini problems|