A. The system state contains core system elements such as Active Directory (AD); the System Volume (Sysvol), the machine's domain controller (DC) status (i.e., whether the system is a DC); the boot files; the registry; and COM+ configuration information. To back up the system state, the user must have "Back up files and directories" and "Restore files and directories" rights; otherwise, the option to back up the system state might be unavailable in Windows Backup. To grant these rights, perform the following steps:
- Log on to a DC.
- Start the Microsoft Management Console (MMC) Domain Security Policy snap-in (go to Start, Programs, Administrative Tools, and click Domain Security Policy).
- Expand the Security Settings, Local Policies, User Rights Assignment branches.
- Double-click the "Back up files and directories" policy.
- Select the "Define these Policy Settings" check box, then click "Add Users or Group."
- Click Browse and locate the user you want to add (or a group that the user is in), then click OK.
- Click OK to return to the main policy dialog box.
- Repeat Steps 5, 6, and 7 for the "Restore files and directories" policy.
- After you finish Step 8, close the snap-in and force a refresh of the policies. To refresh the policies, open a command line and type
secedit /refreshpolicy machine_policy /enforce
- Log off and log on.