Windows Tips & Tricks UPDATE, April 4, 2005, —brought to you by the Windows IT Pro Network and the Windows 2000 FAQ site
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- Q. How can I use a command line to set IP address information on a client's NIC?
- Q. How can I move users between forests?
- Q. How can I use a script to determine the number of processors in a machine?
- Q. How do I run the DHCP service on a domain controller (DC) by using an account other than the DC's account?
- Q. How can I determine why the Microsoft Systems Management Server (SMS) client wasn't deployed to a particular workstation?
by John Savill, FAQ Editor, firstname.lastname@example.org
In this issue, I show you how to use a command line to set IP address information on a client's NIC. You'll learn how to move users between forests and how to use a script to determine the number of processors in a machine. I also explain how to run the DHCP service on a DC by using an account other than the DC's account, and finally, I tell you how to troubleshoot why the SMS client wasn't deployed to a particular workstation.
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Q. How can I use a command line to set IP address information on a client's NIC?
A. Windows Server 2003 and Windows XP provide the Netsh utility, which, among its many capabilities, can configure the IP properties of NICs. To set a static IP address, use this format:
netsh interface ip set address local static <IP address> <subnet mask> <gateway> <metric of gateway>as in the following example:
netsh interface ip set address local static 192.168.1.15 255.255.255.0 192.168.1.1 1(Some command lines wrap to two lines here because of space constraints.) To set a client's NIC DNS settings, run this command:
netsh interface ip set dns local static 192.168.1.150 primaryTo set a client back to DHCP, run these commands:
netsh interface ip set address local source=dhcp netsh interface ip set dns local source=dhcp
Q. How can I move users between forests?
A. Typically, the Windows 2000 Active Directory Migration Tool (ADMT) is the best option for moving users between forests because it can also migrate passwords. If you require more flexibility than ADMT offers, you can use a Microsoft tool called ClonePrincipal (Clonepr), which is designed for interforest user and group copying. (You might already be aware of MoveTree, which is a tool used for intraforest moves only, although it does maintain passwords.) You can download ClonePrincipal at http://www.microsoft.com/resources/documentation/WindowsServ/2003/all/techref/en-us/Default.asp?url=/Resources/Documentation/windowsserv/2003/all/techref/en-us/clonepr.asp . The tool consists of several script files that you can modify and a DLL that contains much of the tool's logic. ClonePrincipal copies user objects to the target forest instead of moving them, so the user object in the original forest is unaffected. ClonePrincipal can copy users from Windows NT 4.0 and Active Directory (AD) sources. It also populates the SIDHistory attribute, which helps maintain access to resources that the original account had, for example to files on a file server.
Q. How can I use a script to determine the number of processors in a machine?
A. You can use a Windows Management Instrumentation (WMI) script to easily ascertain the number of processors on a machine. To do so, use these VBScript commands in a script file:
Set oShell = WScript.CreateObject("WScript.Shell") Set oEnv = oShell.Environment("SYSTEM") WScript.Echo oEnv("NUMBER_OF_PROCESSORS")
Q. How do I run the DHCP service on a domain controller (DC) by using an account other than the DC's account?
A. After you install DHCP on a DC, for security purposes you might want to configure the DHCP service to run under a specific set of credentials other than the DC's computer account. When running on the DC account, the DHCP service could overwrite dynamic records that shouldn't be modified (e.g., the DC's service records), thereby posing a potential security risk. You can reduce this risk by running the DHCP service under alternate credentials, which you configure by running this command:
netsh dhcp server set dnscredentials <username> <domain> <password>You can use any account with this command; just make sure to set its password to not expire.
Q. How can I determine why the Microsoft Systems Management Server (SMS) client wasn't deployed to a particular workstation?
A. If the SMS client doesn't install on certain machines, you can determine the cause by performing these steps:
- Open the ccrretry.box folder under the inboxes folder of your SMS hierarchy (e.g., d:\sms\inboxes\ccrretry.box).
- Within the folder, you'll see a .ccr file for each machine on which the client has failed to install. Use Notepad to open the .ccr file for the machine you're troubleshooting.
- The .ccr file contains a "\[Request Processing\]" section. Within that section, you'll see a line that says "Last Error Code=". Note the error code number (e.g., 5).
- Open a command line (Start, Run, cmd.exe).
- Type net helpmsg <error number>
- The system returns the actual error (e.g., "Access Denied").
- You should now research the error to determine the problem. For example, if the error is "Access Denied," the SMS installation account might not have rights on the target PC.
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- Get Ready for SQL Server 2005 Roadshow in a City Near You
- Windows Connections 2005 Conference
- Overcoming "The Fiefdom Syndrome": How to Conquer the Turf Battles that Undermine Companies
- Keeping Critical Applications Running in a Distributed Environment
- Check Out the New Windows IT Security Newsletter!
- Group Policy Chat
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It's easy to be overwhelmed by the large number of Group Policy settings and the variety of ways to apply them. In this chat, Ed Roth explains how his IT group uses Group Policy Objects (GPOs) for desktop management. Ed and Group Policy guru Darren Mar-Elia share their experience and answer your questions about deployment settings, folder redirection, standardization, security, updates, and much more. Ask them about the gotchas and the benefits and get answers you won't find anywhere else. The chat happens on April 14 at 12:00 PM EST. Visit the Microsoft Technical Chats page to join the chat or put it on your calendar.
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