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May 23, 2002—In this issue:
- Microsoft Plans SQL Server Security Guide
2. SQL SERVER NEWS AND VIEWS
- New Brian Moran Webinar: Identifying Performance Problems
- Results of Previous Instant Poll: How You Troubleshoot
- New Instant Poll: SQL Server Security
- Immediate Access to T-SQL Solutions!
4. HOT RELEASE (ADVERTISEMENT)
- SEND, RECEIVE, MANAGE FAXES from EMAIL (Trialware CD)
- What's New in SQL Server Magazine: SQL Server in the Fast Lane
- Hot Thread: Automatic Rebooting
- Tip: Backing Up Transaction-Log Records
6. NEW AND IMPROVED
- Audit Database Activity
- Monitor System Performance and Status
7. CONTACT US
- See this section for a list of ways to contact us.
(contributed by Brian Moran, news editor, [email protected])
Security has always been an important aspect of database management. But according to James Hamilton, one of three architects on the Microsoft SQL Server development team, some of the ground rules for how a DBA needs to think about security have changed. I recently gleaned some interesting perspectives about security during a conversation with Hamilton, who has responsibility and vision for "thinking about security" as it relates to SQL Server.
Hamilton says that in the not-so-distant past, companies locked most databases behind closed doors and allowed little access from outside the corporate walls. Security practices addressed preventing internal threats from rogue users or accidental misuse. But most companies now have mission-critical databases that face customers and an interface exposed on the public Internet or partner intranet. This approach creates new sets of security vulnerabilities that DBAs need to consider. Hamilton tells me that Microsoft is taking steps to help customers plan for and protect against some of these new threats.
Regular SQL Server Magazine UPDATE readers know that I've often preach about information overload—the phenomenon of drowning in a sea of information. My thesis is that Microsoft does a great job of releasing information about its products. But weaving together a set of best practices is difficult because the information Microsoft provides can be disjointed and spread across narrowly focused white papers or Knowledge Base articles. Acquiring comprehensive security expertise is especially difficult because a strong security plan often requires skills and information from multiple product disciplines.
Hamilton says Microsoft recognizes this problem and is busy preparing a new and improved best-practices guide that specifically addresses managing security vulnerabilities in a SQL Server environment. This resource will be ready for public consumption this summer, but Microsoft plans to give SQL Server Magazine UPDATE readers a peek at some of the content before then. I'll share a few of the most interesting tips and tricks in an upcoming commentary. Until then, check out the following list of SQL Server security resources. (My thanks to the people at Microsoft who compiled the list!) Tell me about other resources that should be on the list. I'll add them and periodically publish an updated list.
SQL Server 2000 Security
SQL Server 2000 Operations Guide, Chapter 3—Security Administration
SQL Server 2000 C2 Administrator's and User's Security Guide
SQL Server 2000 Security White Paper
SQL Server 2000 Resource Kit, Chapter 10—Implementing Security
Microsoft SQL Server 2000 Security
SQL Server 2000 Administrator's Pocket Consultant by William R. Stanek,
Excerpt from Chapter 5
SQL Server 7.0 Administrator's Companion, Chapter 7—Managing Security
SQL Server 7.0 Resource Guide, Chapter 16—Product Security
SQL Server 7.0 Security White Paper
INF: List of Bugs Fixed by SQL Server 7.0 Service Packs
How can you reduce (or eliminate) data loss and downtime in the event of a site-wide disaster? Attend the latest free Webinar fromWindows & .NET Magazine and get the answers including what kind of fault-tolerant disk setup to use, what clustering is (and isn't!) good at, and best practices for boosting SQL and Exchange availability.Register (for FREE) today!
2. SQL SERVER NEWS AND VIEWS
"Tuning an expensive server platform without addressing front-end tuning issues is like racing a Ferrari with flat tires—don't let it happen to you," warns SQL Server consultant and author Brian Moran. In his upcoming Webinar, "Solving Performance Problems Using A Repeatable, Structured Methodology," scheduled for June 18, Moran explains a unique approach to identifying the source of application bottlenecks so that you can solve the problems.
"It's easy to focus on the back end when tuning a SQL Server application, but most serious tuning problems can't be easily separated from the application and middleware layers," Moran notes. "The first step in solving any problem is identifying and understanding the problem."
The Webinar, designed for SQL Server developers and DBAs who need to optimize existing SQL Server applications, covers how to use SQL Server Profiler to help find problem areas. The Webinar, sponsored by SQL Server Magazine, starts at 1:00 P.M. Eastern Daylight Time (EDT), costs $29.95, and includes a 1-year subscription to SQL Server Magazine. To register, go to
The voting has closed in SQL Server Magazine's nonscientific Instant Poll for the question, "What's the first resource you turn to for troubleshooting SQL Server problems?" Here are the results (+/- 1 percent) from the 362 votes:
- 12% SQL Server discussion forums
- 80% Microsoft online resources (TechNet, Knowledge Base, or Books Online—"BOL")
- 4% Other SQL Server professionals you know
- 1% Microsoft phone-based support
- 3% Other
The next Instant Poll question is, "Do you spend more or less time managing SQL Server security protocols than you did two years ago?" Go to the SQL Server Magazine Web site and submit your vote for 1) Significantly more time, 2) Somewhat more time, 3) About the same amount of time, 4) Less time, or 5) Don't know or doesn't apply.
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SQL Server has steadily gained market share since the release of SQL Server 7.0 in 1998. SQL Server Magazine Senior Technical Editor Michael Otey lists seven facts that illustrate the database product's growth in his SQL Seven column "SQL Server in the Fast Lane," which appears in the June 2002 issue of SQL Server Magazine and is available online at the following URL:
Nil's SQL Server 7.0 machine is rebooting automatically when it reaches a certain RAM utilization threshold. Offer your advice and read other users' suggestions on the SQL Server Magazine forums at the following URL:
(contributed by the Microsoft SQL Server development team)
Q. Periodically, when I try to open a database, I get the error message "Log file is full. Cannot open database." After I truncate the transaction log, I can open the database. The problem occurs with some databases and not others. Why is this happening?
A. You receive this error message because your database has been set up to retain transaction-log records until you back them up. Microsoft strongly recommends that you set up transaction-log retention on production systems because it provides maximum data protection. To back up the log file, use the BACKUP LOG command, then store these backup files on tape or on another server. Combined with the database backup, these transaction-log files will let you restore your database in the event of hardware or software failure.
If you want to turn off transaction-log backup and restore for SQL Server 7.0, in Enterprise Manager, navigate to the database you want to change. Right-click the database, select Properties, then on the Options tab, select the "Truncate Log on Checkpoint" option. For SQL Server 2000, in the Properties window's Options tab, select the "Simple recovery" model. Note that although you're truncating the log, uncommitted transactions will still be logged in the transaction log because you can't completely turn off transaction logging; it's an essential part of SQL Server's data-integrity scheme.
Send your technical questions to [email protected]
6. NEW AND IMPROVED
(contributed by Carolyn Mascarenas, [email protected])
NetIQ and Lumigent Technologies announced a licensing partnership that will let NetIQ deliver RecoveryManager for SQL Server, which is based on Lumingent's Log Explorer software, into the NetIQ SQL Management Suite. As part of the NetIQ SQL Management Suite, RecoveryManager for SQL Server uses the SQL Server transaction log to audit database activity. You can recover data online and salvage data when traditional recovery techniques fail. For pricing, contact NetIQ at 408-856-3000.
TNT Software announced ELM Enterprise Manager 3.0, software that lets you monitor and manage the performance and status of distributed systems. The new release features query-based monitoring of SQL Server, event monitoring, event collection and consolidation, performance monitoring, data collection, service and process monitoring, log-file monitoring, enhanced cluster monitoring, Exchange Server monitoring, and TCP port monitoring. ELM Enterprise Manager costs $395. Contact TNT Software at 360-546-0878.
7. CONTACT US
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(please mention the newsletter name in the subject line)
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