Windows Tips & Tricks UPDATE--October 31, 2005

Windows Tips &amp Tricks UPDATE, October 31, 2005, —brought to you by the Windows IT Pro Network and the Windows 2000 FAQ site
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FAQs

  • Q. I'm having trouble installing a Microsoft Systems Management Server (SMS) 2003 Management Point on a server. Can you help?
  • Q. How can I collect Group Policy and other Windows Management Instrumentation (WMI)-type information from multiple machines on a network?
  • Q. How can I check the health of my Group Policy Objects (GPOs) in Windows Server 2003?
  • Q. How can I determine which users
  • Q. How can I check whether a user account has certain user properties flags set?

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FAQs

Q. I'm having trouble installing a Microsoft Systems Management Server (SMS) 2003 Management Point on a server.

A. SMS Management Points and Microsoft IIS are closely connected. Often, Management Point installation problems are caused by IIS misconfigurations or problems. When installing a Management Point, you need to ensure the following components are installed or enabled on the server:

  • Background Intelligent Transfer Service (BITS)
  • WWW Distributed Authoring and Versioning (WebDAV)
  • Distributed transaction coordinator (DTC)
  • Task Scheduler
  • Windows Management Instrumentation (WMI)
  • World Wide Web (WWW) Publishing Service

I find an easy way to check whether these components are enabled is to download and install the SMS 2003 Toolkit 2. After you install the toolkit, run the MPTroubleshooter utility. On the utility's Pre-installation tab you can check the correct configuration of the components as the figure shows

Even if MPTroubleshooter finds no errors, Management Points installation problems can still occur. To further investigate, look at the MPSetup.log file in the SMS\Logs folder. (The folder might also contain a MPMSI.log that gives additional information.) You can view the log file in Notepad, or you can use the SMS Trace utility, which is included with SMS Toolkit 2 and makes the log easier to read, as the figure shows.

Sometimes to fix problems installing a Management Point, I've had to uninstall IIS, reboot the server, reinstall IIS, then reenable all the IIS-based services (e.g., Service Locator Point, Reporting Point, Management Point) so that they republish in IIS. Then I perform a SMS reset (Start - Programs - Systems Management Server - SMS Setup - "Modify or reset the current installation."). This reset forces a reinstallation of the SMS Site Component Manager, the SMS SQL Monitor, and the thread components of the SMS Executive and fixes the Management Point problem.

Q. How can I collect Group Policy and other Windows Management Instrumentation (WMI)-type information from multiple machines on a network?

A. Microsoft has a tool named GPInventory that you can use to collect Resultant Set of Policy (RSOP) and WMI information and save it to an XML or text file. You can download the tool at http://www.microsoft.com/downloads/details.aspx?FamilyID=1D24563D-CAC9-4017-AF14-8DD686A96540&displaylang=en . Double-click the file to install it to the C:\program files\windows resource kits\tools folder (the default).

The tool will display query results in a GUI window. To run a query against machines from Active Directory (AD), choose "Select Computers to target using Active Directory" from the Query menu. This option lets you select an organizational unit (OU) and all member machines are loaded, or read from a text file (one machine name per text file line), to allow more granular selection. After you select the machines, you select the information you want to gather via the "Select Information to gather" Query menu option as the figure shows. Next, select Run Query from the Query menu to begin the collection process and display the results, as the figure shows. You can then export the data to an XML or .txt file via the Results menu. You can also save queries for future execution.

Q. How can I check the health of my Group Policy Objects (GPOs) in Windows Server 2003?

A. You can use Gpotool, which is included in the Windows 2003 Resource Kit tools (http://www.microsoft.com/downloads/details.aspx?FamilyID=9d467a69-57ff-4ae7-96ee-b18c4790cffd&displaylang=en ), to perform a check of the local user's home domain policies. To use the tool, open a command line and type

Gpotool

which, on my machine displays the following sample output:

Validating DCs... Available DCs: SAVDALDC01.savilltech.com Searching for policies... Found 2 policies Policy \{31B2F340-016D-11D2-945F-00C04FB984F9\} Friendly name: Default Domain Policy Policy OK Policy \{6AC1786C-016F-11D2-945F-00C04FB984F9\} Friendly name: Default Domain Controllers Policy Policy OK You can use Gpotool with the /verbose switch to get more detailed information, and you can select a specific domain, domain controller (DC), and GPO by using the /domain, /dc, and /gpo switches, respectively. By default, the tool checks all GPOs on all DCs for consistency between the information stored in AD and the information in the template within SYSVOL. This is a great tool to use to check the general health of your Group Policy environment.

Q. How can I determine which users have the "Password never expires" flag set on their account?

A. You can use the following script, which you can download at http://www.windowsitpro.com/content/content/48611/nopwdexpiry.zip to query the userAccountControl attribute of each user to check whether the account is flagged with "Password never expires" setting. Note that some lines wrap because of space limitations:

'listnopwdexpiry.vbs ' John Savill 20 October 2005

Option Explicit

Dim strLdapPath, objConnection, objChild, userFlag Const ADS_UF_DONT_EXPIRE_PASSWD = &H10000

' Check whether all required arguments have been passed. If Wscript.Arguments.Count required. For example:" & vbCrLf _ & "cscript listnopwdexpiry.vbs ou=test,dc=demo,dc=test" Wscript.Quit(0) End If

strLdapPath = Wscript.Arguments(0)

Set objConnection = GetObject("LDAP://" & strLdapPath) objConnection.Filter = Array("user")

For Each objChild In objConnection userFlag = objChild.Get("userAccountControl")

if userFlag AND ADS_UF_DONT_EXPIRE_PASSWD then WScript.Echo objChild.Name end if Next

' Close file connection

Wscript.Echo "Operation Completed" Pass the script to the path to the user's container that you want to check by using the following command: D:\Temp>cscript listnopwdexpiry.vbs cn=users,dc=savilltech,dc=com

which displays the following output:

Microsoft (R) Windows Script Host Version 5.6 Copyright (C) Microsoft Corporation 1996-2001. All rights reserved.

CN=Administrator CN=Clark Kent CN=Emmaline Savill CN=Guest CN=IUSR_SAVDALDC01 CN=IWAM_SAVDALDC01 CN=John Savill CN=SUPPORT_388945a0 Operation Completed

Q. How can I check whether a user account has certain user properties flags set?

A. In the FAQ "How can I check which users have the "Password never expires" flag set on their account?" at http://www.windowsitpro.com/Articles/ArticleID/48309/48309.html, I explained how to look at the userAccountControl attribute to check whether the "Password never expires" flag is set. This attribute also holds flags for other user property settings, which are detailed at http://msdn.microsoft.com/library/default.asp?url=/library/en-us/adsi/adsi/ads_user_flag_enum.asp. You can therefore change the script that I used in that FAQ (and which you can download at http://www.windowsitpro.com/content/content/48611/nopwdexpiry.zip) by using ADS_UF values that correspond to other user properties. For example, to check whether users have an account setting that prohibits them from changing their password, you would change the line Const ADS_UF_DONT_EXPIRE_PASSWD = &H10000 to Const ADS_UF_PASSWD_CANT_CHANGE = &H0040 and line if userFlag AND ADS_UF_DONT_EXPIRE_PASSWD then to if userFlag AND ADS_UF_PASSWD_CANT_CHANGE then

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