Windows Tips & Tricks UPDATE--February 7, 2005

Windows Tips &amp Tricks UPDATE, February 7, 2005, —brought to you by the Windows IT Pro Network and the Windows 2000 FAQ site
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FAQs

  • Q. How can I enable Internet Printing under Microsoft IIS?
  • Q. How can I create a Web service or an FTP service in a Windows Server 2003 cluster virtual server?
  • Q How can I prevent the Adobe Acrobat My eBooks folder from appearing in the My Documents folder?
  • Q. How can I view a list of all applications on my computer that start at boot-up?
  • Q. How can I replace the standard Windows Server 2003 or Windows XP boot splash screen?

Commentary
by John Savill, FAQ Editor, [email protected]

In this issue, I tell you how to enable Internet Printing under Microsoft IIS, how to create a Web service or an FTP service in a Windows Server 2003 cluster virtual server, how to prevent the Adobe Acrobat My eBooks folder from appearing in the My Documents folder, how to view a list of all applications on your computer that start at boot-up, and how to replace the standard Windows Server 2003 or Windows XP boot splash screen. I'd also like to announce that my new book, which is a detailed look at designing and implementing Windows 2003 Active Directory, is now available at the following URL: http://www.packtpub.com/book/active_directory


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FAQs

Q. How can I enable Internet Printing under Microsoft IIS?

A. The Internet Printing feature isn't a default component of IIS. To enable it, you must install it as follows:

  1. Start the Add or Remove Programs Control Panel applet (Start, Settings, Control Panel, Add or Remove Programs).
  2. Double-click the Add/Remove Windows Components button.
  3. Select Application Server and click Details.
  4. Select Internet Information Services (IIS) and click Details.
  5. Ensure that the "Internet Printing" check box is selected.
  6. Click OK to close all dialog boxes.

After you've installed the Internet Printing feature, users can use the http:///printers URL to view and connect to the printers on the node. Users with the correct access permissions can also control certain printing actions.

Q. How can I create a Web service or an FTP service in a Windows Server 2003 cluster virtual server?

A. Windows 2000 Server had resource types for the Microsoft IIS components that existed under the cluster resource types, but these no longer exist in Windows 2003. Instead, Windows 2003 provides scripts that are used in conjunction with the Generic Script resource type. Before these scripts will work, all nodes must have the relevant IIS components installed (e.g., Web or FTP components). If the relevant IIS components aren't installed, the required scripts will be missing from the server. To configure a Web or FTP service, perform these steps:

  1. Right-click the cluster group and select New, Resource.
  2. Enter a name and description for the resource, as the figure shows. For the resource type, select Generic Script. Click Next.
  3. The screen will display a list of possible owners. Ensure that the servers you want to be possible owners are in the "Possible owners" box and click Next.
  4. Next, configure the dependencies for the IIS resource. Microsoft recommends that you have a physical cluster disk and the network name as dependencies. Click Next.
  5. Next, you're prompted for the script name. For a Web IIS resource, use the C:\windows\system32\inetsrv\clusweb.vbs script, as the figure shows. For an FTP IIS resource, use the C:\windows\system32\inetsrv\clusftp.vbs script.
  6. Click Finish, then click OK in the confirmation dialog box that appears after you create the new resource.
You need to ensure that the IIS configuration is the same on all nodes in a cluster. To do so, use the IIScnfg.vbs script to copy the configuration from the configured node, by running the command
C:\WINDOWS\system32>cscript iiscnfg.vbs /copy /ts destsrv2 /tu
domain\user /tp Pa55word 
where destsrv2 is the server that you're copying the configuration to, domain\user is the user who has permission on the destination box, and Pa55word is the user's password. When you run the command, you'll see the following output on screen as a metadata copy is being performed:
Microsoft (R) Windows Script Host Version 5.6
Copyright (C) Microsoft Corporation 1996-2001. All rights reserved.

Backing up server 127.0.0.1
Backup complete.
Mapping local drive I: to admin share on server 127.0.0.1
Mapping local drive J: to admin share on server destsrv2
Copying backup files...
cmd /c copy /Y I:\system32\inetsrv\metaback\iisreplback.*
J:\system32\inetsrv\metaback
Unmapping local drive I:
Restoring on server destsrv2
Restore complete.
Unmapping local drive J:
Copy operation complete.
Please remember, however, that for most situations, a Network Load Balancing (NLB) cluster is a better solution than clustering for a Web service. In my example, I required the Web-based printing for a file and print cluster only. You can find more information about the clustering procedure at Microsoft's Web site.

Q. How can I prevent the Adobe Acrobat My eBooks folder from appearing in the My Documents folder?

A. I describe how to prevent default folders from being recreated in the My Documents folder in the FAQ "How can I stop the My Videos and My Music subfolders from appearing in the My Documents folder in Windows XP and later?" at http://www.winnetmag.com/articles/index.cfm?articleid=41875. However, the procedure doesn't work for the Adobe My eBooks folder. To prevent the My eBooks folder from appearing in My Documents, perform these steps:

  1. Open Windows Explorer.
  2. Navigate to C:\program files\adobe\acrobat 6\reader\plug_ins.
  3. Move the ebook.api file to the C:\program files\adobe\acrobat 6\reader\optional folder.
  4. Close Windows Explorer.
  5. Delete the My eBooks folder from your My Documents folder. It shouldn't reappear.

Q. How can I view a list of all applications on my computer that start at boot-up?

A. Sysinternals has a great freeware tool, Autoruns, that gives a graphical view of every application and plug-in that initiates when you start your machine, as the figure at http://www.windowsitpro.com/articles/images/autoruns.gif shows. The tool also lets you hide standard Microsoft components, so that you can view third-party additions more easily. You can download the tool at http://www.sysinternals.com/ntw2k/freeware/autoruns.shtml. The download includes both the GUI version and a command-line version of the tool.

You can stop an application from executing at the next start-up by clearing the check box next to the application. If you want to remove an application permanently from the startup items, select the item, then select Delete from the Entry menu. The download includes full Help documentation.

Q. How can I replace the standard Windows Server 2003 or Windows XP boot splash screen?

A. You can change the Windows 2003 and XP startup screens to display any 16-color, 640x480 bitmap image. Simply create the bitmap and save it as boot.bmp in the \%systemroot% folder (e.g., C:\windows). Then modify the boot.ini file as follows:

  1. Open a command line (Start, Run, cmd.exe).
  2. Navigate to the C:\ root directory.
  3. Modify the boot.ini file to be writable, by running this command:
    attrib boot.ini -r -s -h 
  4. Edit the boot.ini file in Notepad by running the command
    notepad boot.ini 
  5. Add the /bootlogo switch and the /noguiboot switch, as the example below shows:
    \[boot loader\]
    timeout=30
    default=multi(0)disk(0)rdisk(0)partition(1)\WINDOWS
    \[operating systems\]
    multi(0)disk(0)rdisk(0)partition(1)\WINDOWS="Windows Server 2003,
    Enterprise" /fastdetect /bootlogo /noguiboot 
  6. If you don't add the /noguiboot switch, the standard Windows 2003 logo will be overlaid on your custom image.
  7. Save the file, then reset the boot.ini attributes by running the command
    attrib boot.ini +r +s +h 
The figure at http://www.windowsitpro.com/articles/images/bootbmp.gif shows how I modified my computer's startup image.

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