My NTFS drive is corrupt, how do I recover?

A. To restore an NTFS drive using the information below, it must have been created using Windows NT 4.0, if it was not created using NT 4.0 you should see Knowledge base article Q121517. To restore an NTFS partition you must locate the spare copy of the boot sector and copy it to the correct position on the drive. You need the NTdiskedit utility (you can also use Disk Probe that comes with the resource kit and instructions for Disk Probe can be found at http://support.microsoft.com/support/kb/articles/q153/9/73.asp or Norton disk edit) which is available from Microsoft Support Services.

  1. Using NTdiskedit for Windows NT 4.0, on the File menu, click Open.
  2. Type the Volume Name as
    \\.\PhysicaldriveX
    where X=the ordinal of the disk that appears in Disk
    Administrator)
  3. Click OK.
  4. On the Read menu, click Sectors. Select 0 for Starting Sectors and select 1 for Run Length. Click OK.
  5. On the View menu, click Partition Table. You should see a table that has four sections, Entry 0 through Entry 3. This refers to the order of partitions. If the partition in question is Partition 2 on the Disk, you need the data in Entry 1. If the Partition in question is the Partition 1 on the disk, you need the data from Entry 0 and so on.
  6. Write down the values of Starting Sector and Sectors.
    NOTE: all of the values you see will be in hexadecimal format. Do not convert to decimal.
  7. Using a Calculator (you can use the one from the Accessories group if one is available) that can add hexadecimal numbers, add the values for Starting Sector and Sectors, and subtract 1 from the sum. For example:
    STARTING SECTOR=Ox3F
    SECTORS=0x201c84 +
    ----------
    0x201CC3
    Less 1 0x1 -
    ----------
    Copy of NTFS bootsector=0x201CC2
  8. On the Read menu, click Sectors. In Starting Sectors, type the value from the equation above. Type 1 in Run Length. Click OK.
    You now should be at your copy of the NTFS bootsector. Visually inspect the boot sector for completeness, NTFS header at first line, text in the lower region (for example, "A kernel file is missing from the disk"), and so forth.
  9. Click Relocate Sectors. This is the Sector you are going to write the bootsector. This will be the value of your Starting Sector with the Run Length of 1. Click OK.
  10. Quit Ntdiskedit. Use Disk Administrator to assign a drive letter if not already assigned. Restart the computer; the file system should be recognized as NTFS.

TAGS: Windows 8
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