JSI Tip 10541. An operations master does not synchronize when Windows 2000 Server is started or Windows Server 2003 is started?

Microsoft Knowledge Base Article 910202 contains the following summary and introduction:

SUMMARY

This article contains information to help you troubleshoot an operations master that does not finish initial synchronization because of a replication failure. This article discusses the following topics:

   Error messages that can indicate the operations master did not finish initial synchronization because of a replication failure
   Scenarios that describe some possible causes of incoming replication failure on an operations master
   How to use the Repadmin.exe utility to troubleshoot initial synchronization problems
   Partitions that must be replicated before the operations master roles can function
   Changes in initial synchronization requirements in Windows Server 2003 with Service Pack 1 (SP1)
   Effects of downtime on the operations master roles

INTRODUCTION

Because all domain controllers work together in a domain, most object updates in the Active Directory directory service can be made on any domain controller by using multimaster replication. However, certain operations can only be safely performed by single domain controllers that are called the operations masters. The operations that each operations master routinely performs are called operations master roles. These roles are also known as flexible single master operations (FSMO) roles. To prevent an operations master role from being assigned to more than one domain controller, role holders must successfully inbound replicate-specific partitions from at least one partner domain controller. This process is referred to as initial synchronization. Initial synchronization must occur before operations that depend on an operations master role can be performed.



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